In 1974, Congress enacted the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA), which places restrictions on any school, college, or university receiving federal funds over the release of student records. FERPA protects a student's educational record, regardless of how the record is maintained and who maintains it. An educational record consists of paper as well as electronic data.
FERPA prohibits any person connected with the institution, including administrators and faculty, from improperly disclosing student information.
You may choose to authorize the release of your educational records, but you have the right to decide whether or not to authorize such a release. This means that, in most cases, your grades cannot be shared with even your parents without your written consent. Furthermore, your access to your own educational records, as well as the right to limit disclosure of such materials, continues even after you graduate or otherwise leave the college or university.
There are some circumstances where your educational records may be released without your permission. For instance, your records may be disclosed to other school officials or requesting judicial authorities.
Maricopa's District Office of General Counsel provides a website with a variety of tools and information regarding the implementation of the FERPA requirements within the Maricopa Community Colleges.
Please see this site for an introduction, authorization forms for the release of educational records, annual notification requirements, and a FERPA tutorial.
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